38th Congress, 1st Session.
Report No. 65.

MOUND CITY HOSPITAL, Illinois, April 22, 1864.
Daniel Tyler, (colored,) private, company B, 6th United States heavy artillery, sworn and examined.
By Mr. Gooch:

Question. Where were you raised?
Answer. In Mississippi.
Question. Have you been a slave?
Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. Were you in Fort Pillow at the time it was captured by the rebels.
Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. When were you wounded?
Answer. I was wounded after we all surrendered; not before.
Question. At what time?
Answer. They shot me when we came up the hill from down by the river.
Question. Why did you go up the hill?
Answer. They called me up.
Question. Did you see who shot you?
Answer. Yes, sir; I did not know him.
Question. One of the rebels?
Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. How near was he to you?
Answer. I was right at him; I had my hand on the end of his gun.
Question. What did he say to you?
Answer. He said, "Whose gun are you holding?" I said, "Nobody's." He said, "God damn you, I will shoot you." and then he shot me. I let go, and then another one shot me.
Question. Were many shot at the same time?
Answer. Yes, sir, lots of them; lying all round like hogs.
Question. Did you see anyone burned?
Answer. No, sir.
Question. Did you see anybody buried alive?
Answer. Nobody but me.
Question. Were you buried alive?
Answer. Yes, sir; they thought they had killed me. I lay there till about sundown, when they threw us in a hollow, and commenced throwing dirt on us.
Question. Did you say anything?
Answer. No, sir; I did not want to speak to them. I knew if I said anything they would kill me. They covered me up in a hole; they covered me up, all but one side of my head. I heard them say they ought not to bury a man who was alive. I commenced working the dirt away, and one of the secesh made a young one dig me out. They dug me out, and I was carried not far off to a fire.
Question. How long did you stay there?
Answer. I staid there that night and until the next morning, and then I slipped off. I heard them say the niggers had to go away from there before the gunboat came, and that they would kill the niggers. The gunboat commenced shelling up there, and they commenced moving off. I heard them up there shooting. They wanted me to go with them, but I would not go. I turned around, and came down to the river bank and got on the gunboat.
Question. How did you lose your eye?
Answer. They knocked me down with a carbine, and then they jabbed it out.
Question. Was that before you were shot?
Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. After you had surrendered?
Answer. Yes, sir; I was going up the hill, a man came down and met me; he had his gun in his hand, and whirled it around and knocked me down and then took the end of his carbine and jabbed it in my eye, and shot me.
Question. Were any of the officers about there then?
Answer. I did not see any officers.
Question. Were any white men buried with you?
Answer. Yes, sir.
Question. Were any buried alive?
Answer. I heard that one white man was buried alive; I did not see him.
Question. Who said that?
Answer. A young man; he said they ought not to have done it. He staid in there all night; I do not know as he ever got out.


Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War be, and they are hereby, instructed to inquire into the truth of the rumored slaughter of the Union troops, after their surrender, at the recent attack of the rebel forces upon Fort Pillow, Tennessee; as, also, whether Fort Pillow could have been sufficiently re-enforced or evacuated, and if so, why it was not done; and that they report the facts to Congress as soon as possible. Approved April 21, 1864. Pages 18-19